Past Research Grant Projects
The Paul and Gladys Richards Foundation Research Grant Program Recipients
Radhika Vaidyanathan, India (2023)
Study Title: “Historical British transfer printed tiles, flat and round ware and their legacy in public and private collections in present day India”
Abstract: To document newly discovered flat and round British transfer printed tiles found in both public and private collections in India.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The study will add to the body of knowledge relating to transferware in India initiated by the TCC.
David Barker, UK (2023)
Study Title: “Transfer-printed ceramics in the Eastern Caribbean: a case study on the island of Nevis”
Abstract: To conduct a detailed study of a large body of transfer-printed wares from a number of sites excavated on the island of Nevis in the Eastern Caribbean. The analysis will document the range and variety of printed wares shipped to and in use on this Caribbean island, yielding information about the manufacturers engaged in this trade and the choices made by consumers in terms of patterns, manufacturers, and shapes.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: This project will become a valuable educational and research resource, with abundant evidence for printed patterns used on the island at different times and by different levels of society. It will also provide evidence for those manufacturers whose wares served this colonial market. The project will contribute significantly to transferware studies, furthering an understanding of the role of this class of ware in the material culture of the 19th century and of its place in the export trade.
Neil Ewins, UK (2023)
Study Title: “Alternative Narratives in Ceramic History: culture, identity, religion and race”
Abstract: To examine ceramics made for the American market, including transfer-printed wares, and explore the role of crockery importers and dealers in shaping what was produced for the American market.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The study will examine how some importers and dealers in America commissioned certain designs which also coincided with their own beliefs and backgrounds. The situation was more complex than the importer simply responding to American ceramic fashion and demand. The orchestration of production, and the marketing of certain products, seems to have been based on the conscience of the importer. In this respect, ceramic design, marketing and distribution, can be more expressive of individual cultural views and values.
George Haggarty, UK (2023)
Study Title: “Gallatown & Fife Potteries, Kirkcaldy, Scotland; History and Wares”
Abstract: To investigate the history of the Gallatown & Fife Potteries, Kirkcaldy, Scotland, and the wares produced at the pottery.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The research will add to the recipient’s previous TCC paper on the evidence for transfer printed wares produced in Scotland.
Michael Escolme, UK (Fall 2022)
Study Title: “Spode’s Italian Pattern: A Design Classic”
Abstract: This project will examine the history of the Italian pattern as popularized by the Spode manufactory, its methods of manufacture and its place within popular culture. In addition, through examining thirty key pieces of transferware which have been printed with the Italian pattern it will examine the enduring popularity of the pattern, how it has been used and how the pattern will live on in the future. Accompanying this study will be an exhibition of the Italian pattern at the Spode Museum on the original historic Spode factory site in Stoke-on-Trent.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The aim of this project is to recognise Spode’s Italian pattern as one of international importance and to acknowledge the role of transferware as an arbiter of tableware design classics.
2022 TCC Research Grant Recipients
Jewell Lorenz Dunn, USA
Study Title: Advancing the History of Yellow Transfer Printing on Brown Earthenware.
Phase I: Assembling evidence to support the attribution of pieces of yellow transferware on brown earthenware to specific Staffordshire manufacturers
Abstract: To gather evidence to determine who made yellow transfers on brown earthenware and define which patterns were made by which makers.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: This initial work will significantly add to the existing body of knowledge of yellow transfer printing on brown earthenwares.
Richard Henrywood, UK
Study Title: The Transferware Recorder Volume Five and Six
Abstract: To publish a further volume in the Transferware Recorder series.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: As with the existing volumes, the current volume will publish detailed records of a selected field of transferware assembled from a wide range of sources and considerably expanded by the over twenty years of the author’s own research. Get more details Vol 5 and link to purchase. Get more details Vol 6 and link to purchase.
Robert Houghton, UK
Study Title: Update to the Historical Guide to Advertising Pot Lids – Volume 1
Abstract: To publish an update to the existing volume that will catalog pot lid examples that were not included in the original volume or that have since been discovered. The update is expected to include approximately 500 images and research on manufacturer histories.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The update will provide a significantly expanded reference of transfer printed pot lids.
Anna Reeve, UK
Study Title: Ancient Designs, Modern Wares: ideas of “Cyprus” in 19th-20th century ceramics
Abstract: To investigate how conceptions of Cyprus were represented in ceramic wares produced in the UK, especially Staffordshire, in the 19th and early 20th century. It will examine early ceramic designs and how they were modified by occurrences in the UK over the time period.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The conceptions of Cyprus in transferware have not previously been explored in depth and this study will summarize new knowledge in the field.
Juliana Falk, USA
Study Title: Full Steam Ahead: A History of Commercial Steamboat Transferware
Abstract: To catalog and record both archaeological fragments and intact objects of transferware made for use on commercial steamboats in the United States in the 19th century.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The study will bring to light an area of transferware production that may not have been well known. The research and documentation of archaeological fragments and intact objects of commercial steamboat transferware will provide knowledge of the evolution of the patterns and designs for use on steamboats, including how existing patterns were altered and new patterns were produced. Download PDF.
Julieta Frere, Argentina
Study Title: In the Wake of the Cape Horn Route: British Transferware in Southern South America
Abstract: To identify, analyze and catalog ceramic assemblages present in the southernmost tip of the Americas in the 19th century with the goal of contributing to a better understanding of the characteristics and significance of this type of British manufacture in the context of the growing importance of the relationship between Britain and South America.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The research will add to understanding the global scale transferware can reach. The study of transferware patterns exported allows tracing the interconnection between ceramics and the wider historical processes, such as the integration of the nascent republics like Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego into specific consumption convention or growing economic and commercial independence. For members only: Download project pdf, Download Visual Catalog.
Jacob Otte, USA
Study Title: Documenting the Architecturally Used 19th Century Ceramics at the Shrine of Sunan Gunung Jati (d.c. 1570), Cirebon (Java, Indonesia)
Abstract: To systematically document the 19th century ceramics, including British transferware, affixed to the walls of the Shrine of Sunan Gunung Jati, the Muslin saint of Cirebon who is popularly credited with Islamization of West Java in the early 16th century. The project will document the ceramics affixed to the shrine through photography and a detailed report with description and analysis. The transferware will likely be the most important tool for dating the ceramics assemblage.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The project would, for the first time, systematically document an important historical site in Southeast Asia for the use of British transferware and other ceramics as architectural ornamentation. The in-situ ceramics are also important as an archive of trade connections with diverse places over several centuries and include a prominently placed selection of British transferware made for export to Southeast Asia. Download project pdf. Download project attachment pdf.
Winterthur Museum, Garden & Library/Leslie Grigsby Project Manager, USA
Study Title: The Winterthur/TCC Transferware Cataloguing Project
Abstract: To hire an early-career museum professional for one year who will study a portion of Winterthur’s British transferware collection using the TCC database and related sources as the primary tools to identify patterns and manufacturers, improve dating, and note related period and modern material. Photographs of objects will be taken and uploaded to the museum’s object database where needed. The information will be recorded in the “Description” field of the museum’s object database. The project will guarantee that the early-career cataloger will complete improved records for at least 50% (approximately 800 objects) of the museum’s 1556 Staffordshire earthenware.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: Greater sophistication in terms of pattern identification will facilitate researchers’ ability to find specific transferware categories on Winterthur’s online database. Increasing access and information in the collection database will facilitate attracting scholars to Winterthur’s Research Fellowship Program. Download PDF.
Richard Halliday, UK
Study Title: The Art of the Engraver: in-depth process of documentation detailing hand-engraved copper plates
Abstract: To record and document the copper plate engraving process as it is performed by an ex-Spode engraver and publish a reference book of the process and images. A transfer-printed ceramic from the engraving will be produced from the engraving and offered with the book.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: Very little has been written about the engraving process and the skills to produce an engraving lie solely with surviving engravers. This rare and time sensitive project provides a valuable resource for those interested in the process of transfer printing.
Matthew Keagle, USA
Study Title: Trash to Treasures: Cataloging Transferware in the Pavilion Collection
Abstract: To catalog and document transferware in the Pavilion collection at Fort Ticonderoga museum. William Pell, who had purchased the fort in 1820, built the Pavilion as his family home in 1826. The project will identify, research and catalog both shards and intact pieces of transferware found at the site and collected by the Pell family. The findings will be included in onsite museum exhibitions, made available through the museum’s online database, and published in the museum’s publication. Download PDF.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The documentation and research of the archaeological record and intact objects of the previously unknown Pell family collection will provide knowledge of the export market at the time and the evolution of the patterns and styles of the transferware used by the Pell family for generations.
The Transferware Collectors Club, a US-based international non-profit organization dedicated to the study of British transfer-printed ceramics, is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2019 Paul and Gladys Richards Charitable Foundation Research Grants for the study of British Transferware. Grants totaling more than $13,000 US will be distributed to recipients from four countries:
Tania Manuel Casimiro, Portugal
Project Title: British Transferware in 18th and 19th Century Portugal – An Archaeological Perspective
Abstract: A systematic analysis of 18th and 19th century British transfer-printed wares exported to Portugal. The analysis will include: identification of shards from four excavation sites selected by location and social importance; development of a distribution and consumption model of the wares; study of the socioeconomic importance of the wares and their importance in Portuguese domestic life; and determination of how the wares influenced the production of Portuguese transferware.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: Provide a comprehensive study of British transfer-printed wares exported to Portugal that will provide a base of knowledge from which further studies can be conducted. Download PDF.
Sandra Guillermo, Argentina
Project Title: A Systematic Study to Understand Fashion and Consumer Tastes for British Transferware Patterns Printed on Table and Toilet Services in 19th century Homes in Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Abstract: A study of British transferware found in Buenos Aires museums and archaeological collections to identify the patterns and shapes used for various purposes in the 19th century homes of Buenos Aires. The objective of this work is to gain a better understanding of consumer tastes and to determine whether or not they paralleled European cycles of fashion.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: The research will expand the knowledge of British transferwares exported to the Buenos Aires area of South America, the potteries that produced and marketed them, and how the wares were used. Download PDF (for members only)
George Haggarty, Scotland
Project Title: A Catalog of Transfer-printed Pottery Produced by Scotland’s East Coast Potteries Prior to 1850
Abstract: To produce a catalog of transfer-printed wares produced by Scottish potteries referred to as the east coast potteries located along the Forth River that exported their wares primarily to Europe. This catalog will concentrate on the identification of patterns found on shards excavated or recovered from seven production sites and locating and photographing extant examples. It will include short histories of the relevant potteries.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: Cataloging transfer-printed wares produced by Scotland’s east coast potteries is expected to discover unknown or rare examples of transferware and/or assist in dating shapes and patterns based on the acquisition dates. Download PDF.
Scott Hanson, USA
Project Title: Travel Stipends for the 2019 TCC Annual Meeting
Abstract: To provide funds to offset the expenses of two well-known individuals in the field of British transferware who will be invited to speak at the 2019 TCC Annual Meeting. These speakers will provide their lectures for publication on the TCC website for all members to enjoy. View videos available to members.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: Published papers advance the understanding of specific areas of transferware.
The TCC is pleased to announce the 2018 Paul and Gladys Richards Charitable Foundation Research Program for the Study of British Transferware 2018 grant recipients.
Scott Hanson, USA
Study Title: Fund a Speaker for the 2018 TCC Annual Meeting
Study Abstract: To provide funds to offset the expenses of a well-known individual in the field of British transferware to be invited to be the keynote speaker at the 2018 TCC Annual Meeting. The speaker will be asked to give two lectures which will be made available for publication on the TCC website.
Planned Completion Date: October 2018
Benefits to the TCC: The ability to procure speakers of considerable status to present topics of interest at the TCC annual meeting should increase meeting attendance and may increase club membership. Publication of the lectures on the website will benefit all who did not attend the meeting.
Featured Presentations from the 2018 Annual Meeting by Neil Ewins
- "Supplying the Present Wants of Our Yankee Cousins...": Staffordshire Ceramics and the American Market 1775-1880. by Neil Ewins download pdf
- Origins, Backgrounds and Cultural Identities of American Importers and Dealers. by Neil Ewins download pdf
Michael Escolme, UK
Study Title: The Spode Blue Room: An Introduction
Study Abstract: To write a printed pocket-sized paperback and extended hardback guide to the Spode Blue Room collection.
Planned Completion Date: January 2019
Benefits to the TCC: The guide is available to members, which will benefit especially TCC members who have not seen the collection. (Download PDF for members)
Helen Hallesy, UK
Study Title: Swansea Commemorative Pottery: Politics, Reform, Royalty, Wars
Study Abstract: Published a book documenting commemorative subjects depicted on Swansea pottery and the source materials from which they were obtained. The subjects are discussed in chronological order of the events portrayed from the 1780’s to the 1840’s.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: This book presents new evidence on the source prints for subjects depicted on commemorative Swansea pottery. The designs also are viewed in context with extensive background information on each topic. Purchase hard copy.
Loren Zeller, USA; Richard Halliday, UK
Study Title: The Chinoiserie Invasion: British Transferware in the Chinese Style 1750-1900
Study Abstract: To produce and publish a two-part book that presents transfer-printed ceramics in the context of the broader Chinoiserie movement. It identifies its origins, reveals many sources of inspiration, and demonstrates how the Chinoiserie style evolved over a period of nearly 150 years. Part I illustrates and analyzes the Early and Transitional Chinoiserie pattern types; Part II provides up to 30 examples for six categories of wares on which the Chinoiserie patterns were printed.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: This book broadens knowledge of the Chinoiserie movement by focusing on the importance of this artistic movement in Britain’s flourishing ceramics industry especially as it relates to the production of transfer-printed wares in the 18th and 19th centuries. The topic is timely and of relevance to a broad audience because the book establishes the historical and esthetic background for understanding and appreciating the Chinoiserie movement in the decorative and ceramic arts. Purchase book.
Featured Presentations from the 2017 Annual Meeting
Serving as the Keynote Speaker for the 2017 Annual Meeting in Tempe, Arizona, Hans van Lemmen presented two fine lectures on the history of printed British tiles. In his first lecture, entitled From Overglaze to Underglaze: Innovations and Developments in the Production of British Transfer-printed Tiles between 1756 and 1851, he assesses the various technical innovations, styles and subject matter of transfer printed tiles including over-glaze printed tin-glazed and creamware tiles produced by the Liverpool printers John Sadler and Guy Green between 1756 and 1780, under-glaze printed tiles by Spode and other makers made between 1780 and 1840, and innovations introduced by Minton & Co. and Collins and Reynolds in the 1840s to 1850s.
In his second lecture, entitled Printed tiles galore: the mass production and varied applications of British transfer-printed tiles between 1851 and 1901, he examines the enormous output of transfer-printed tiles during the second half of the nineteenth century and their applications in Victorian architecture and furniture. In this lecture, special attention is paid to the printed tiles made by prominent firms such as Minton, Hollins & Co., Mintons China Works, Wedgwood, W.T. Copeland, Maw & Co., and the Decorative Art Tile Co., as well as the work of notable tile designers.
Hans van Lemmen is a retired professor from Leeds Metropolitan University and currently serves as president of the British Tiles and Architectural Ceramics Society.
TCC Announces 2016 Richards Foundation Research Grant Awards
The TCC is pleased to announce the following 2016 recipients of research grants for the study of British transfer-printed ceramics:
Dick Henrywood, UK
Study Title: Transferware Recorder IV – Selected Patterns from Literature
Project Completion Date: March 2018
Transferware Recorder Volume Four, authored by TCC member and transferware scholar Dick Henrywood, is available for purchase. The author is offering a discount of 20% off the price of the book to all TCC members ($36 includes shipping). Learn more and order the book.
Bob Houghhton, UK
Study Title: A Guide to Advertising Pot Lids
Project Completion Date: August 2018
Historical Guide to Advertising Pot Lids, is available for purchase. The author is offering a discount to all TCC members. Learn more and order the book.
Featured Presentations from the 2016 Annual Meeting
At the 2016 Annual Meeting held in Charlottesville, Virginia, eight speakers enthusiastically engaged meeting participants with presentations on a variety of transferware topics. Among the speakers were two very popular presenters from the UK, Pat Halfpenny and Richard Halliday. Funding from The Paul and Gladys Richards Charitable Foundation Grants for the Research of British Transferware enabled the Club to provide stipends to these two featured speakers to assist with travel expenses. Pat and Richard provided engrossing presentations which highlighted the talented craftsmen involved in the creation of transfer prints: the artists, designers, and engravers; as well as details about the copperplate printing process. The TCC is pleased to share these two content-rich presentations with all club members and transferware enthusiasts. Please note: the Halliday presentation is copyrighted. Please do not reproduce in any fashion without the express permission of the author.
Pat Halfpenny, Curator Emerita of Ceramics and Glass at Winterthur Museum and Gardens in Wilmington, DE, author, lecturer, researcher, and scholar, provided a fascinating talk examining transfer-printed designs from conception to manufacture. In a presentation entitled “Where do patterns come from? or Who said Delaware looked like this?” she focused on a group of objects at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Stoke-on-Trent that all have credible provenances linking them to the pattern designer (an independent artist), the pattern engraver (and the independent engraving company he worked for) and the manufacturers for whom the work was done. In the course of her research she discerned how a group of printed plates, hand-written paper labels, a collection of drawings, and tissue pulls provided important clues as to how a pattern was conceived, produced and adapted for production in the period from the late 1820’s to 1860’s. download pdf
Richard Halliday, noted author, antiques dealer, transferware expert and Spode Museum Trustee, shared the research in which he is currently engaged pursuant to his PhD program in his talk “Copperplate Engraving: Process Documentation”. Scouring the copperplate archives at the Spode factory site, and working in close collaboration with a former Spode engraver, Richard has been examining, photographing, and documenting the engraving process. This process, while known, had never been fully documented from start to finish. In this presentation, all stages of the process are shown, carefully detailed, and clearly explained: from visiting the coppersmith to buy a sheet of copper to the finished transferware. download pdf
Richard Halliday, Market Harborough, UK
Study Title: Transferware Medical and Toilet Wares 1780-1850
Study Abstract: To produce a book that deals specifically and comprehensively with medical and toilet wares. The book will: allow for comparison of factories and how the development of the wares changed over time; be divided into shape-specific sections that will include, when available, shape book images, source images, and non-transferware pieces for comparison; and will include the extent to which the wares were exported. Submission of images will be requested from collectors to get them interested and involved.
Contributions to the field of transferware studies: The study will: bring all medical and toilet ware information together in one work; allow cross-promotion of transferware and other non-transferware areas of interest and collecting, for example, wares made from metal, wood, and other ceramics; bring the community of transferware enthusiasts together through inviting submissions; and, most importantly, share knowledge, ideas, research, and promote transferware to a wide audience.
Completion Date: December 2017 Download PDF (members only) or Purchase hard copy.
Daniel Schavelzon, Ph.D., Buenos Aires, Argentina
Study Title: Transferware images of Latin America made by British factories (1850-1900): the case of Argentina
Study Abstract: To publish a paper and book of transferware images of Latin America specific to Argentina made by British factories. Research will include identification of patterns, makers, and source prints and will attempt to determine why the patterns were chosen.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: The study will contribute to the knowledge of British transferware in the previously unstudied area of Latin American images. Download the Article.
John Simpson, West Sussex, England, UK
Study Title: Earthenware of H & R Daniel 1822 - 1854
Study Abstract: To publish a not-for-profit book on the earthenware of H & R Daniel, with Bryan Beardmore as co-author. The work will include transfer-printed earthenware and establish which patterns can safely be attributed to Daniel.
Contribution to the field of transferware studies: The availability of a comprehensive and extensively illustrated work will help raise awareness of H & R Daniel as an important manufacturer of transferware and facilitate attributions in the future. Link to book.
New Supplement to H&R Daniels Earthenwares (May 2018)
Back in 2015 the TCC kindly gave us* a grant towards the publication of our book, H&R Daniel Earthenwares. As with any publication on a new subject it focussed attention and resulted in new items being brought to light. This year we felt we had enough material to publish a supplement. We issued it as a supplement to the May DCC Journal, so that members would receive it free of charge. We felt that the TCC should also have a copy with our compliments and thanks. — * John & Jeannette Simpson, Brian Smith, Bryan Beardmore. Download here.
Richard Henrywood, Devon, UK
The Transferware Recorder No. 1: Selected British Views; to support the cost of printing 400 copies. For information about ordering, please email.
Paul and Kath Holdway, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK
Pottery Processes used at the Spode Factory; digitize 2,300 historically important slides and black and white negatives showing the pottery processes used at the Spode factory. Visit the Image Gallery.
Allen Chace Miller, Jr., Hudson, New York
A Blue Lined Dining Set (British Views); to identify the shards and maker of a 145 piece dinner service set purchased by George Clarke (1777 -1835), builder of Hyde Hall, from George Dummer, a New York and Albany importer and retailer.
2013 Annual Meeting Research and Presentations
Provided two lectures on Spode. View text and images of one of her lectures --"Pots of Orchids: the Spode Bateman Connection."
"The Italian Pattern: The story of an iconic 19th Century transferware design"
To perform a comprehensive study exploring the introduction of Spode’s famous Italian pattern. The study included exploring how the pattern was produced and/or copied by many other potters in the early nineteenth century and explaining how this was allowed in the period prior to the copyright act; and cataloging the different potters producing the pattern and showing the variation in their approach, including shapes, colors, quality of wares, etc. The core of the work was photographing and cataloging the Andrew and Adrienne Richards collection of the Italian pattern and organizing and expanding Andrew’s research of the pattern where needed, including adding special pieces of the pattern accessible in museums and/or private collections. View completed project. Purchase the book via Lulu.com.
Provided two lectures incorporating new research to the 2011 Baltimore Annual Meeting. View detailed summary of The Mysterious Mr. Marshall, Plagiarist Extraordinaire.
Summarized his two 2011 Baltimore Annual Meeting presentations and Richards Foundation grant research. Download Swansea's Printed Wares: A Reassessment
Developed content for an online exhibition of British transferware decorated with American themes. View completed project.
Develop an overview of the "Importance of Transferware in the Ceramic Output of European Potteries for the South-East Asian Market." (Download Article)
Develop a "Catalog of the Greeves Collection of Transfer-Printed Pickle Dishes and Milseys with a Social and Historical Commentary."
In this excellent 202-page publication, Richard documents the outstanding and one-of-a-kind collection of the late Robin Greeves and provides an interesting social and historical perspective for these two often misunderstood forms of transfer-printed Staffordshire pottery. Richard's study includes a discussion of the role of "pickles" on 18th and 19th century English tables, a review of how pickle dishes and milseys were used, and a comprehensive and well-organized catalog of patterns and shapes. Following the cataloging this unique collection for Richard's research project, the collection was sold in lots at auction. The project includes literally hundreds of quality images of these two unusual forms which are skillfully organized by shapes and patterns. This is a document you will surely want to add to your library.
Now available for purchase in hardcover.
Download pdf free of charge. Note: this is a very large document; please allow ample time for download.
Develop content for an online exhibition of Spode transferware designed to advance the education and awareness of Spode transferware and to reach a broad internet audience of collectors, researchers, students and historians of the British Pottery Industry. View Completed Project
Introduce some certainty in the attributions for the ambiguous marks found on filled-in transfer Chinoiserie patterns on pearlware made in the 1820's.
View Completed Project
Research Ben Franklin's claim in correspondence to a friend in 1773 that he had invented the transferware process 20 years earlier and publish findings.
View Completed Project
Develop/update and publish a comprehensive catalog of all known transfer-printed views of localities in the British Isles. For information about ordering, please email.
A Benefit to Members
This grant program exists to assist individuals in research, writing and other projects in the British transferware field.
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